Sesame becomes a good option for second crop
in Mato Grosso
With advantages over other crops such as profitability and external market demand, sesame should be the main alternative for farmers for the second harvest after the soybean harvest in the region of the Araguaia Valley. With 65 thousand hectares planted with sesame in the region, the municipality of Canarana is responsible for 90% of the special grain production in Brazil. Rural producer Marcos da Rosa, who plants sesame for the first time, points out that climatic conditions and demand for grain are important factors in choosing the sesame crop. "The region of the Araguaia Valley has the characteristic of ending the rainy season earlier than others in the state, such as in NortŃo, with these conditions corn as a second crop option becomes a dangerous crop because the cost of production is almost equal to productivity, while the sesame has a cheaper production and with this demand of the international market enables the culture in the region, "he said. With a little more experience in the cultivation of sesame, the farmer and president of the Rural Union of Canarana, Alex Wisch, in 2012 together with his father began to plant the grain, he says that at first without the technical knowledge on how to grow sesame have undergone some problems that have been decreasing with the years of planting.
"Today I usually tell the farm neighbors that soy is our safrinha, we planted the safrinha first to plant the crop, because the sesame is being our main crop today. Over the years we have tried to technify, we have a lot to learn yet, but we have already achieved excellent results over 1,000 kilograms per hectare per mechanized harvest, "he commented. With an eye to this increase in the demand for sesame by the international market, seed producer Leandro Lodea of LC Seeds invests in the production of seeds to supply the demand of producers. "This year we have the first seed field with the Embrapa cultivar, BRS Anahi, which is classified as semi-dehiscent that does not open both the fruit and also with scientific proof in the reduction of gall nematode (meloidogyne incognita), together with the improvement of the farmer's cash flow due to profitability relative to corn, "he explained. The success of sesame cultivation in the Araguaia Valley has aroused the interest of exporting companies, as in the case of AgrÝcola Ferrari specialized in grains that also works in its portfolio with alternative crops. "Sesame can be used both domestically and abroad, we focus on export, and this is our second year with the grain that passes momentarily for good acceptance, but we are working hard to improve some things in the field so that the our product is increasingly well accepted outside the country, "said the company's business manager Alex Luviseto.
Government support for research also helped the evolution of gergelin, Embrapa researcher Nair Arriel highlighted the recent results obtained with a new cultivar, BRS AnahÝ. "One of the cultivars that has attracted a great deal of interest from the region's producers is BRS AnahÝ, a single stem cultivar with unbranched growth, with a yield of around 1,600 kilos per hectare, the color of the grain is white, widely accepted in the market. for export. The cultivar has shown a great adaptation in Canarana and greater productivity in relation to the other varieties planted in the region ", he evaluated. The Embrapa Asset Manager Bernardo Mendes evaluates the sesame scenario in the region in a positive way, with important factors helping to increase the number of producers each year by choosing the grain in the second harvest. "Every year the sesame has grown a lot and having a very good acceptance, because it matches the demand very well with a region that produces everything, with technology that is embedded in the crop is answered consistently in the production," he concluded.