Sesame harvest .. Anxiety season and concerns in Khartoum
18 October 2019

It is like a state of emergency that wears sesame farmers in Sudan when it comes time to harvest.Sesame is one of the hardship crops of the simple Sudanese farmer so that its cultivation and harvest requires special attention in light of the difficulty in obtaining modern agricultural techniques that only a few large farmers can afford, and neglect by the competent authorities throughout the years of the deposed regime of the agricultural sector. In Gedaref state in eastern Sudan, the largest rain-fed agricultural production region, where the authorities estimate the area planted with sesame crops alone is one and a half acres, farmers are now struggling to complete the harvest, which often takes only fifteen days to increase and decrease.

This increases the suffering for the labor force, as the majority of cultivated areas depend on semi-traditional means and the sesame harvesting operations depend mainly on manual labor under the scarcity of modern mechanisms.The short period of sesame harvest associated with the time limit is always a concern for farmers, especially since sesame is a crop that cannot be delayed when it is time to harvest. So everyone here in Gedaref is in a state of constant anxiety and insomnia. We find the competent authorities necessary attentionThe anxiety and apprehension of farmers here in Gedaref is natural and recurrent every year, because sesame farming is financially expensive and farmers are often trapped in debt so they are afraid of losing their crops.

Harvest Farms in the Gedaref region, Bushra Jaber, wrote, “Harvesting of the sesame crop in the state of Gedaref started in all areas of the state in the north, south, west and east, amid high labor costs.He adds that this year's harvest season comes to find the country is witnessing a new era in which people are blessed with good despite the unclear statements of some state officials and despite the huge increase in production costs from the preparation and cultivation and all agricultural expenses, besides the scarcity of labor and the lack of a harvester in the hands of all farmers Jaber points out that although large areas have been hit by the "kinkasha" pest, "a disease that affects the crop in its final stages," But Bushra asserts that the income from production will be huge due to the vast area planted from sesame in Gedaref state.He added: This year's harvest marks an international opening to all foreign markets. In previous years, the foreign market was besieged.

Sudan is looking for revenues of about $ 2 billion in sesame crops, of which about 15 million tonnes are produced this yearThe price of sesame (white) imported Sudan (1700) dollars per ton in world markets, according to the bulletin of the Sudanese Trade Point yesterday, while the sesame Ethiopia 1750 dollars per ton, and the price of Tanzania sesame mixture (1480) dollars per ton Sources in the oil market, said that the Sudanese production of sesame this season may be exposed to losses, after the high cost of the price of a ton of sesame exported to about two thousand dollars, which is $ 200 higher than its price in international marketsThe sources added that sesame cultivation is concentrated in Gedaref State, which is the most important production areas. She pointed out that sesame is exported as grain or oil factory, pointing out that Egypt is one of the most importing countries, followed by China and Lebanon, and is used there in the manufacture of oils, tahini and candy or as grain.He stressed that this year increased production from previous years, and a number of contracts have been signed for export with many countries in Asia and Latin AmericaHe added that production is expected to increase in the coming years due to the high price and interest of Sudanese farmers in it. Khartoum-Bayan