Growth: Sesame becomes a good choice for second crop in MT
01 June 2019

With advantages over other crops such as profitability and external market demand, sesame is the main alternative for farmers for the second harvest after the soybean harvest in the region of the Araguaia Valley. With 65 thousand hectares planted with sesame in the region, the municipality of Canarana is responsible for 90% of the special grain production in Brazil. Rural producer Marcos da Rosa, who plants sesame for the first time and stresses that climatic conditions and demand for grain are important factors when choosing the crop of sesame. "The region of the Araguaia Valley has the characteristic of ending the rainy season earlier than others in the state, such as in Nortão, with these conditions corn as a second crop option becomes a dangerous crop because the cost of production is almost equal to productivity, while the sesame has a cheaper production and with this demand of the international market enables the culture in the region, "he said.

With a little more experience in the cultivation of sesame, the farmer and president of the Rural Union of Canarana, Alex Wisch, in 2012 together with the father began to plant the grain. He says that at the outset without the technical knowledge on how to grow sesame seeds they went through some problems that were diminishing with the years of planting. "Today I usually tell the farm neighbors that soy is our safrinha, we planted the safrinha first to plant the crop, because the sesame is being our main crop today. Over the years we have tried to technify, we have a lot to learn yet, but we have already achieved excellent results over 1,000 kilograms per hectare per mechanized harvest, "he commented. With an eye to this increase in the demand for sesame by the international market, seed producer Leandro Lodea of LC Seeds invests in the production of seeds to supply the demand of producers. "This year we have the first seed field with the Embrapa cultivar, BRS Anahi, which is classified as semi-dehiscent that does not open both the fruit and also with scientific proof in the reduction of gall nematode (meloidogyne incognita), together with the improvement of the farmer's cash flow due to profitability relative to corn, "he explained.

The success of sesame cultivation in the Araguaia Valley has aroused the interest of exporting companies, as in the case of Agrícola Ferrari specialized in grains that also works in its portfolio with alternative crops. "Sesame can be used both domestically and abroad, we focus on export, and this is our second year with the grain that passes momentarily for good acceptance, but we are working hard to improve some things in the field so that the our product is increasingly well accepted outside the country, "said the company's business manager Alex Luviseto.