Largest agricultural producer in the country, MT also invests in 'alternative crops' of sesame, peanuts and castor beans
Sesame production in Canarana - Photo: Press Release Owner of the largest cattle herd in the country and one of the largest producers of soybean, cotton and corn, Mato Grosso has invested in 'alternative crops' that try to gain space in the state's economy. Some crops, such as sesame, peanuts, castor beans and sorghum, are taken as the second choice of many growers at intervals of each crop and harvest. The Canarana Rural Union, 838 km from Cuiabá, estimates that the municipality is responsible for 90% of national sesame production. The grain became an alternative for farmers for the second crop after the soybean harvest. There are 65,000 hectares of sesame planted in the region. Alex Wisch, a farmer and union president, explains that sesame cultivation can be done under no-tillage or conventional tillage and is considered a profitable crop. “Canarana is considered the national capital of sesame. However, we rely heavily on exports, practically all production goes to the foreign market, Europe, Asia, because the domestic market is still small, ”he said.
A survey by the State Secretariat of Economic Development (Sedec), based on data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), shows that in 2018 the sesame crop in Mato Grosso obtained a production of 8,462 tons, harvested in an area of 17,160 hectares. In 2019, the crop evolved a lot, reaching a production of 29,950 tons, an increase of 254% over the previous year; Its area also achieved substantial growth of 189.0%, totaling 49,590 hectares in 2019. Its productivity was increased from 493 kg / ha to 604 kg / ha, an increase of 22.5%.